Cell viability and cytotoxicity

Find the perfect BMG LABTECH plate reader for your virology research.

Viruses are equally a threat to plants, bacteria, animals, and humans. They use their hosts to reproduce and can thereby damage them. This can lead, for example, to crop or farm animal losses and pandemics. On the other hand, viruses serve as tools for genetic engineering and the targeted modification of genomes. 


Modern virology characterises viruses molecularly and functionally and uses this information to develop diagnostic tests, antiviral drugs and vaccines. Traditionally, virology largely relied on microscopic methods. Nowadays, microplate-based assays increase throughput and enable the measurement of replication, virus neutralization, binding of molecules to viral particles and much more.


Virus assays range from simple ELISA assays for measuring antibody titer to live-cell assays to measure replication. The variety of virus assays in combination with the need for cell-based methods requires a flexible microplate reader. 

The CLARIOstar®Plus microplate reader offers this flexibility. It is a modular multi-mode reader that can be equipped with fluorescence, luminescence, absorbance and advanced detection modes. With its Atmospheric Control Unit, it is further optimized for live-cell assays as it creates the optimal environment for long-term cell-based experiments. The CLARIOstar Plus can be equipped with a red-shifted PMT for increased sensitivity with fluorophores emitting in the red range of light. These are often used in cell assays to avoid autofluorescence.

The PHERAstar FSX multi-mode microplate reader is the ideal platform for screening departments, where potential anti-viral compounds have to be detected quickly and efficiently in high throughput. In addition, it can quickly and effortlessly measure all FRET, TR-FRET and fluorescence polarization dual emission assays. These are often used in binding/interaction assays for anti-viral compound screens.


Browse our Resources section for information about specific applications, literature citations, videos, blog articles and many other publications. Many of the resources provided are associated with current and previous instrument models and versions.

    • Dimethyloxallyl glycine/nanosilicates-loaded osteogenic/angiogenic difunctional fibrous structure for functional periodontal tissue regeneration

      Shang, L;Liu, Z;Ma, B;Shao, J;Wang, B;Ma, C;Ge, S;[2021]

      Bioactive Materials

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    • Cinnamaldehyde incorporated gellan/PVA electrospun nanofibers for eradicating Candida biofilm

      Mishra, P;Gupta, P;Pruthi, V;[2021]

      Materials Science and Engineering: C

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    • Changes in global protein expression in sea turtle cells exposed to common contaminants indicates new biomarkers of chemical exposure

      Chaousis, S;Leusch, F;Nouwens, A;Melvin, S;van de Merwe, J;[2021]

      Science of The Total Environment

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    • Role of Mac-1 integrin in generation of extracellular vesicles with antibacterial capacity from neutrophilic granulocytes

      Lőrincz, ÁM;Bartos, B;Szombath, D;Szeifert, V;Timár, CI;Turiák, L;Drahos, L;Kittel, Á;Veres, DS;Kolonics, F;Mócsai, A;Ligeti, E;[2020]

      J Extracell Vesicles

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    • Preeclampsia-Associated lncRNA INHBA-AS1 Regulates the Proliferation, Invasion, and Migration of Placental Trophoblast Cells

      Jiang, S;Chen, Q;Liu, H;Gao, Y;Yang, X;Ren, Z;Gao, Y;Xiao, L;Zhong, M;Yu, Y;Yang, X;[2020]

      Molecular Therapy - Nucleic Acids

      Read article